function field_view_field

8.x field.module field_view_field(EntityInterface $entity, $field_name, $display_options = array(), $langcode = NULL)

Returns a renderable array for the value of a single field in an entity.

The resulting output is a fully themed field with label and multiple values.

This function can be used by third-party modules that need to output an isolated field.

  • Do not use inside node (or other entities) templates, use render($content[FIELD_NAME]) instead.
  • Do not use to display all fields in an entity, use field_attach_prepare_view() and field_attach_view() instead.
  • The field_view_value() function can be used to output a single formatted field value, without label or wrapping field markup.

The function takes care of invoking the prepare_view steps. It also respects field access permissions.


\Drupal\Core\Entity\EntityInterface $entity: The entity containing the field to display.

$field_name: The name of the field to display.

$display_options: Can be either:

  • The name of a view mode. The field will be displayed according to the display settings specified for this view mode in the $instance definition for the field in the entity's bundle. If no display settings are found for the view mode, the settings for the 'default' view mode will be used.
  • An array of display options. The following key/value pairs are allowed:
    • label: (string) Position of the label. The default 'field' theme implementation supports the values 'inline', 'above' and 'hidden'. Defaults to 'above'.
    • type: (string) The formatter to use. Defaults to the 'default_formatter' for the field type, specified in hook_field_info(). The default formatter will also be used if the requested formatter is not available.
    • settings: (array) Settings specific to the formatter. Defaults to the formatter's default settings, specified in hook_field_formatter_info().
    • weight: (float) The weight to assign to the renderable element. Defaults to 0.

$langcode: (Optional) The language code the field values are to be shown in. The site's current language fallback logic will be applied when no values are available for the given language code. If no language code is provided the current language will be used.

Return value

A renderable array for the field value.

See also


Related topics

2 calls to field_view_field()
field_view_value in drupal/core/modules/field/field.module
Returns a renderable array for a single field value.
hook_tokens_alter in drupal/core/modules/system/system.api.php
Alter replacement values for placeholder tokens.


drupal/core/modules/field/field.module, line 788
Attach custom data fields to Drupal entities.


function field_view_field(EntityInterface $entity, $field_name, $display_options = array(), $langcode = NULL) {
  $output = array();
  $bundle = $entity->bundle();

  // Return nothing if the field doesn't exist.
  $instance = field_info_instance($entity->entityType(), $field_name, $bundle);
  if (!$instance) {
    return $output;

  // Get the formatter object.
  if (is_string($display_options)) {
    $view_mode = $display_options;
    $formatter = entity_get_render_display($entity, $view_mode)->getFormatter($field_name);
  else {
    $view_mode = '_custom';
    // hook_field_attach_display_alter() needs to receive the 'prepared'
    // $display_options, so we cannot let preparation happen internally.
    $field = field_info_field($field_name);
    $formatter_manager = drupal_container()->get('plugin.manager.field.formatter');
    $display_options = $formatter_manager->prepareConfiguration($field['type'], $display_options);
    $formatter = $formatter_manager->getInstance(array(
      'instance' => $instance,
      'view_mode' => $view_mode,
      'prepare' => FALSE,
      'configuration' => $display_options,

  if ($formatter) {
    $display_langcode = field_language($entity, $field_name, $langcode);
    $items = array();
    // Ensure the BC entity is used.
    $entity = $entity->getBCEntity();
    if (isset($entity->{$field_name}[$display_langcode])) {
      $items = $entity->{$field_name}[$display_langcode];

    // Invoke prepare_view steps if needed.
    if (empty($entity->_field_view_prepared)) {
      $id = $entity->id();

      // First let the field types do their preparation.
      $options = array(
        'field_name' => $field_name,
        'langcode' => $display_langcode,
      $null = NULL;
      _field_invoke_multiple('prepare_view', $entity->entityType(), array($id => $entity), $null, $null, $options);

      // Then let the formatter do its own specific massaging.
      $items_multi = array($id => array());
      if (isset($entity->{$field_name}[$display_langcode])) {
        $items_multi[$id] = $entity->{$field_name}[$display_langcode];
      $formatter->prepareView(array($id => $entity), $display_langcode, $items_multi);
      $items = $items_multi[$id];

    // Build the renderable array.
    $result = $formatter->view($entity, $display_langcode, $items);

    // Invoke hook_field_attach_view_alter() to let other modules alter the
    // renderable array, as in a full field_attach_view() execution.
    $context = array(
      'entity' => $entity,
      'view_mode' => $view_mode,
      'display_options' => $display_options,
      'langcode' => $display_langcode,
    drupal_alter('field_attach_view', $result, $context);

    if (isset($result[$field_name])) {
      $output = $result[$field_name];

  return $output;